As 30 August marks International Day of the Disappeared, nearly 44,000 people across Africa are registered as missing with Nigeria having nearly 23,000 on the register of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) caseload of missing people in the continent, driven almost entirely by the conflict in the northeast of the country.
Others are Ethiopia, South Sudan, Somalia, Libya, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Cameroon, who together with Nigeria make up 82 percent of ICRC’s missing caseload in Africa. All seven countries have seen a rise in the number of people registered with the ICRC as missing in the first half of 2020, at a time when restrictions put in place to curb COVID-19 create new challenges in searching for missing people. Forty-five percent of the cases were children at the time they went missing.
“This caseload is a drop in the ocean to the true scale of people whose family members are searching for them,” said Sophie Marsac, the regional advisor for the missing and their families in Africa for the ICRC.
“Conflict, violence, migration and climate shocks have not stopped separating families in the pandemic, but our work to find missing people has become even harder.”
According to ICRC, “Despite the increase in new cases, COVID-19 has created new challenges in searching for missing people as it is no longer possible to gather people in large groups to listen for names or look through photos.
“Many countries suspended domestic travel between states or provinces, making it more difficult for searches to be done over wider geographic areas. Access to places of detention, where the ICRC would look for cases, is suspended in some places to limit the risk of COVID-19 exposure.”
Marsac added that the “International Day of the Disappeared should remind us that an untold number of families in Africa are searching for a loved one, many of them parents looking for a child.
“Families of the missing often suffer psychologically and face economic and legal challenges. The tragedy of missing people is a humanitarian crisis and one that cannot be forgotten as the world focuses on fighting the COVID-19 pandemic. On this day, the ICRC wishes to express its solidarity with families and commemorate those who are missing.”
The ICRC calls on authorities to acknowledge the tragedy of missing people and the impact that it has on families and to do everything in their power to prevent people from going missing, take measures to search for those who are missing, and to provide information to families on the fate and whereabouts of their loved ones.
“I hardly sleep,” said Kaltum, whose daughter went missing in Nigeria nine years ago. “I feel it in my heart that my daughter is alive. I still have hope.”
Additional information per country
- At nearly 23,000 people, Nigeria represents ICRC’s largest missing caseload in Africa. More than 90 percent of the cases are the result of the conflict in the northeast of the country and 57 percent were children at the time they went missing. More than 360 cases have been opened with the ICRC in Nigeria in the first half of 2020.
- More than 3,300 people are registered with the ICRC in Ethiopia, the majority of whom (64%) are women and children. Intercommunal clashes and migration are the largest drivers behind our missing caseload in Ethiopia today. More than 250 cases were opened so far in 2020.
- Our teams in South Sudan are currently searching for more than 5,000 people, most of whom went missing because of intercommunal violence and conflict. This includes people who were registered as missing by our team in South Sudan as well as by families abroad in countries such as Uganda, Ethiopia, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Kenya who are looking for their loved ones.
- Women and children make up three-quarters of the more than 3,200 people registered as missing with the ICRC in Somalia. This includes about 2,300 people registered as missing by relatives living in Somalia or relatives abroad and another 300 Somalis who are reported missing outside the country. The ICRC works with BBC Somali Service to broadcast names and messages to communities globally six times a week.
- More than 500 missing people have been registered by our teams in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2020, bringing the total of missing persons to 1,800. Most of them went missing because of violence and conflict, with the clashes in the Kasaï province as a major driver.
- Conflict and migration are the causes for our missing caseload in Libya, which stands at more than 1,600 people. Starting in 2017, we saw a shift in which more cases were opened from abroad by families looking for their relatives in Libya, who might have entered the country on the migration route to Europe. Many of them were children.
- ICRC has more than 1,500 open cases of missing people in Cameroon, with more than 420 registered by our teams in 2020. Our caseload in Cameroon continues to rise every year, with three-quarters of them resulting from the conflict in the Far North.
Note: These figures represent only those cases documented by the ICRC and national Red Cross and Red Crescent societies as missing as of the end of June 2020. They do not represent the total number of people missing in Africa.
The ICRC considers someone as missing from the date that a family member registers him or her as missing until the case is closed by either the ICRC and Red Cross or Red Crescent teams or families report to our teams that they found their missing relative.